Rudd look very similar to roach but have distinctive blood-red fins and up-turned mouths for surface feeding.
As they mature (within 3-4 years) their colouring becomes more bronze.
They’re prolific breeders and can live for up to 17 years so once in a water they can populate it very quickly and are often in such numbers that they become a nuisance when you’re trying to catch bigger species.
Rudd are not the biggest of species so anything over the 1lb mark is a worthy catch and a 2lb fish would be considered a specimen.
There is a big jump from a specimen to the present record, which stands at 4lb 10oz. This record fish fell to Simon Parry back in 2001 and came from Clay Lake in County Armagh, Ireland.
I’ve caught rudd to over 2lb and I can tell you it’s hard to imagine one more than twice this size.
This record is likely to stand for some time but big rudd are not as rare as you might think. Roach are generally considered to be of a bigger average size than rudd so you might be surprised to know that the roach record is actually 6oz below the rudd record.
They spend most of their time in the shallows and are most active in the warmer months but can be caught all year round.
In the winter they head for deeper water and are less active but can still be tempted to feed so they offer some good winter sport.
Just about any method will catch rudd. In fact catching small rudd is relatively easy and you can get away with using rather crude rigs.
Fishing shallow with maggots, casters, chopped worm or bread will get you catching them in numbers without too much effort.
You could scale your rig right down and use blood worm, which is also an excellent bait and in the Autumn they’ll go crazy for floating bread.
Fly fishing with tiny dry (surface) flies is an exciting way of catching rudd too. However, as with all specimen fishing, it’s all about knowing how to adapt your approach to specifically target the bigger fish.
Rudd are designed to be surface feeders so a light approach with a slow-sinking bait will catch you plenty of fish but they’re likely to be small and the chances of getting past these ‘bits’ are not good.
You could feed in a pinch of hemp each cast to try and feed the smaller ones off but this can often prove impossible.
Another way is to fish literally a foot deep and get the fish competing for food in the hope that the bigger ones bully their way to the surface where the feed is entering the water. That can often prove futile too.
There is however, a more successful way of being more selective. Rudd have relatively little mouths so the easiest way to be more selective is to use a bait that the smaller fish simply cannot get into their mouths.
I’ve found that the best bait for this by far is the humble sweetcorn. It can be a waiting game for the really big specimens but if you use a small grain of corn, the smaller rudd may nibble at it but only the catch-worthy sized fish will be able to take the bait properly.
Rather than use a very delicate float, when specifically targeting big rudd I prefer to use a bodied insert waggler around 3BB in size and have the tip standing at least an inch out of the water.
This way you can disregard the little tugs and knocks as the bits play with the bait, only striking when the float is taken all the way under.
Loaded floats can also be used but you have less control over the amount of float-tip showing above the water.
Too fine a float-tip showing and you’ll find the ‘bits’ continually pulling the float under and giving false bites.
Fine presentation at the hook-end is essential though. Big rudd don’t like to feel any resistance on the line so make sure your drop shot is set back from the hook and use as small and fine a hook as practical.
I bulk my shot around the float, placing only a few size 10 shot down the main line and use a fine diameter hook length with maximum size 16 hook. This gives me sufficient weight at the float to cast easily while maintaining a slow-sinking bait and fine presentation.
Top Tips for big rudd
Feed very little but often to keep fish competing
Rudd can be shy so use fine hook-lengths and hooks
Fish into the wind as rudd will follow flies and food on the surface
Use liquidised bread to cloud up the water
Rudd thrive in all water types from ponds and canals to estate lakes and commercial fisheries but if you can find a water which has a healthy stock of pike or perch, rudd populations are kept more balanced so you get fewer stunted fish. These waters often hold enough big rudd to be worth targeting. Rudd are often associated with stillwaters but they thrive in rivers too. The river Cam in Cambridgeshire is renowned for its population of very big rudd, often averaging over the 1lb mark.
Alderfen Fisheries, North Lincs
Long Pond, South Yorkshire
Corner Ponds, Nottinghamshire
River Cam, Cambridge
Tight Lines, Alan Dudhill
If you have angling stories or pictures, email our angling expert firstname.lastname@example.org or give him a call on 07815 308463. This column is sponsored by www.retfordangling.co.uk.